Arthur Pita – The Metamorphosis – New York

Edward Watson in <I>The Metamorphosis</I>.<br />© Tristram Kenton. (Click image for larger version)
Edward Watson in The Metamorphosis.
© Tristram Kenton. (Click image for larger version)

Arthur Pita / The Royal Ballet
The Metamorphosis

New York, Joyce Theater
18 September 2013

The Contortions of Contemporary Ballet, Put to Use – Arthur Pita’s Metamorphosis

So much contemporary ballet – the British choreographer Wayne McGregor comes to mind – consists of finding new and exciting ways to twist and bend dancers’ bodies, as if the point of dance were to test the limits of the human form. How wide can the legs be split open, how far can the back be arched, how violently can an arm be twisted before it pops out of its socket? More than once, I’ve felt uncomfortable watching a contortion that seemed to go too far beyond the natural range of human motion. Beautiful? Certainly not. Intriguing, perhaps.

One of the more intriguing aspects of The Metamorphosis, the tour-de-force dance-theatre piece created by the choreographer Arthur Pita for the Royal Ballet dancer Edward Watson – now playing at the Joyce – is that it places these physical distortions in a context, puts them to use in the service of a story. As most of us remember from high school, the protagonist of Kafka’s novella, Gregor Samsa, wakes up one morning to find himself transformed into a repulsive bug who has trouble rolling over and whose body oozes a sticky goo. Pita’s extreme choreography for Watson – legs twisted over arms, knees bent to extreme angles, chest arched, weird finger-like toes twitching revoltingly – effectively turns him into a kind of fascinating monster. This is doubly true once Watson’s lean, serpentine frame is slathered in a black, slimy substance (made up mostly of molasses, I’m told). For most of the ninety minutes of the show, he ceases to really appear human – his commitment to the part, and to its extreme physical requirements, is quite astonishing.

Edward Watson (Gregor) and Nina Goldman (Mrs. Samsa) in The Metamorphosis.© Tristram Kenton. (Click image for larger version)
Edward Watson (Gregor) and Nina Goldman (Mrs. Samsa) in The Metamorphosis.
© Tristram Kenton. (Click image for larger version)

But does Pita’s Metamorphosis, originally commissioned by the Royal Opera House for its smaller Linbury Studio Theatre, work as a whole? Not really. The beginning is promising and the cast is strong, especially young Corey Annand as Gregor’s younger sister Grete. (Several cast members play multiple roles.) The set is remarkably effective in its simplicity. Two white rooms: the neat, mid-century kitchen – in which Gregor’s family congregates for meals and various activities – and Gregor’s room, an increasingly disheveled and gooey hell. The mother cooks the family’s meals and does Soviet-style stretches while watching TV. The father reads the paper. Grete scampers about, dressed like a young pioneer, and shows off her latest ballet moves (in the book, she plays the violin). Then the unthinkable happens and Gregor wakes up as a weird mess of elbows, knees, and prehensile toes.

As in the book, the most affecting (and complicated) relation in Pita’s work is that between brother and sister. (I was also taken with the matter-of fact housekeeper, played by the convincingly down-to-earth Bettina Carpi.) At first, young Grete tries to help him; she purées the family’s trash for Gregor’s dinner, tries to straighten his hopelessly twisted limbs. In what is probably the most touching moment in the show, she plays a bossa nova record on the hi-fi and leaves the door open so that they can listen to it together. When she falls asleep, her body echoes some of Gregor’s twisted shapes, a nice metaphor for her empathy.

Edward Watson in <I>The Metamorphosis</I>.<br />© Tristram Kenton. (Click image for larger version)
Edward Watson in The Metamorphosis.
© Tristram Kenton. (Click image for larger version)

If the piece ended here, it would be a success, but there’s still a long way to go. One of the problems with turning Kafka into a wordless piece of dance-theatre is that it is practically impossible to physicalize the complexities of Gregor Samsa’s state of mind, which is, of course, the very meat of the story. Watson can only contort his body and show torment in so many ways. After a while it becomes necessary to pad the story with extraneous horrors. Men in black slimy bodysuits invade his bedroom and coat him with an extra layer of goo as the music – an intriguing score of violin glissandi, percussion and vocalizations by Frank Moon, half pre-recorded, half live – grows into a deafening crescendo. Grete does dance exercises in the kitchen, now en pointe, with an emphasis on the unnatural, splayed extremes of ballet technique. (The idea seems to be that these poses reveal something slightly monstrous about her nature, and maybe also about the nature of ballet.) Three bearded men – lodgers the family has been forced to take in now that Gregor is no longer bringing home the bacon – do a line dance to Klezmer music. Most of these activities are only mildly interesting. Meanwhile, Watson, in the room on the left, continues to bend himself into knots. A good half of the piece feels like more of the same. By the time Gregor dies our initial horror at his state has begun to fade. In a sense, it’s a version of the same problem that haunts other pieces that rely excessively on extreme technique. Our eye eventually takes the contortions in stride. Gradually they begin to look less monstrous. In the end, the heart goes numb.

About the author

Marina Harss

Marina Harss is a free-lance dance writer and translator in New York. Her dance writing has appeared in the New Yorker, The Nation, Playbill, The Faster Times, DanceView, The Forward, Pointe, and Ballet Review. Her translations, which include Irène Némirovsky’s “The Mirador,” Dino Buzzati’s “Poem Strip,” and Pasolini’s “Stories from the City of God” have been published by FSG, Other Press, and New York Review Books. You can check her updates on Twitter at: @MarinaHarss

1 Comment

  • […] Finally, a production that puts the extreme feats of flexibility we’ve all come to expect from contemporary ballet to use! Arthur Pita’s “Metamorphosis,” now playing at the Joyce, is a kind of cross between the rubber-band contortions of Wayne McGregor and the theatrical savvy of Matthew Bourne. And at the heart of it all, an extraordinary performer, ed Watson, who, for an hour and a half, ties himself into knots to give physical form to the torments of Gregor Samsa, the victimized hero of Kafka’s tale. But in the end, the problem is the same; our eye become inured to the strangeness and the effect dissipates. Here’s my review for DanceTabs. […]

  • I saw the last performance in New York. I thought it was a magnificent piece of dance theater. The complete cycles of an average day for Gregor in the beginning suggest that he wanted to break out of the routine, though the change was not quite what he was looking for. I thought that the contortions got wilder and showed a gradual collapse and acceptance of Gregor’s state at the end. The two slimy creatures just amp up Gregor’s repulsiveness to himself and his family. The lodgers and their dance create a diversion to the family in contrast to the horror just beyond the wall.

    I had a close seat, so perhaps I was just more immersed. By the way, the housekeeper/coffee-seller was wonderful

Click here to post a comment

DanceTabs Contributors

Regular contributors…

Claudia Bauer | Foteini Christofilopoulou | Gay Morris | Graham Watts | Heather Desaulniers | Jann Parry | Josephine Leask | Karen Greenspan | Lynette Halewood | Marina Harss | Oksana Khadarina | Siobhan Murphy | Susanna Sloat | Valerie Lawson | Bruce Marriott (Ed)

The above list is composed of those whose work we feature regularly and have generally contributed in the last few months.

>> Complete list of DanceTabs Contributors and more info.

DanceTabs Tweets